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    Finding the right smartphone camera – megapixels don't matter much?

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    Hi! Mobile phones have been intended for communication and accessibility initially, but through time phones have become smarter and more capable so its purpose extended One of the most revolutionary improvements have happened the moment they included cameras

    As industry advanced, phone cameras got better and more complex So now, majority of consumers that are looking for a phone camera, may not have a clear picture what exactly they should look for Is it megapixel, lenses or something else that matters? Let's see, after the intro [Intro rolls in and crowd going nuts] Hi guys and welcome to Digital Markings channel My name is Marko and this is your weekly fix of tech news, leaks, rumors and opinions Everything about Apple and their competitors

    If you're fond of this type of content, please subscribe and don't forget to hit notification icon so you don't miss the next video So, what are the most important segments of the smartphone camera Let's start with a sensor that captures image But before we continue, let's be honest – while smartphone photography hugely improved, it's still far away from traditional cameras and not to mention DSLRs – which is understandable if we look at the smartphone size If we compare image sensors from various devices, image sensors on mobile phones are in the smallest end of the spectrum

    Bigger sensor means larger pixel size and more light, depth of field, higher dynamic range and overall better image quality Smaller sensor limitations become more obious especially in low light There are those instances where smaller sensor can provide more satisfying experience, but that's rare Majority of smartphones are coming with Sony sensors They are the biggest manufacturer in the game

    Apple, Nokia, One Plus, Xiaomi and others are coming with Sony sensors, depending on the brand or specific models Huawei for example, which is leading the pack in terms of smartphone cameras, even with its partnership with Leica, is using Sony sensors Some Samsung smartphones as well, even if they are next in line as sensor manufacturers One of the most obvious differences is that the regular cameras are coming with one sensor and moveable parts DSLRs has the upper hand because you can exchange lenses with various specs and capabilities

    Smartphones due to its compactness and size limitations do not include moving parts, so smartphone manufacturers are forced to improvise, by adding more lenses And guess what, underneath every lens there is one sensor So you want ultra-wide capability you add ultra-wide lens with it's own sensor, etc Some of these lenses are getting signature designs, like the ones from Zeiss, Leica And while that not necessary means they were produced by their factories, which in many cases are not, the brand name still means mark of quality, which is important

    Although if we talk about quality, all those lens elements were made out of plastic and not the real glass, in order to cut the production cost Now, if you notice the some manufacturers are promoting 5P, 6P, 7P on camera specs list, try not to give too much importance These numbers represent layers or elements or even lenses in the lens and higher the number, this means less potential distortion of color and potential errors in focus Most of the current lenses are 6 or 7P so you don't have to worry about it But still, jusgt keep in mind that

    The lens is there to focus and to transmit the light How much light will reach the sensor, depends from opening or the aperture The bigger the aperture, more light Better photos in low-light conditions While with real cameras aperture is adjustable due to moveable parts and lenses, in smartphones these numbers are usually fixed

    Samsung trialed phones with dual aperture, but that project ended up scrapped Aperture plays important role in depth of field If aperture is bigger the image will have more shallow background, comparable to main focus on the photo This is perfect for profile photos, especially since the focus area is narrower If the aperture is smaller, depth of field will be less blurry and the focus in the photo will include more elements aka will be wider

    Bigger aperture also means faster lens If you see f-number in camera section of the smartphone box or advertisemen, it is the f-stop number The smaller F number is, the bigger the aperture, the shooter is faster and vice-versa For example, F/18 is faster than F/2

    2! One more number that can attract your attention is focal length and it's usually displayed in milimeters The higher the number, more narrow field of view For example, ultra-high cameras has lower focal length One of the most commonly referred detail in the world of cameras, regardless is a point-and-shoot, DSLR, smartphone or something else is the megapixel count! While in early days this number ment world of difference, nowadays, not that much The pixel represents a DOT in the image

    The higher resolution of the photo means more pixels So-called 8 megapixel camera equals photo with more than 8 million pixels By default, more pixels, more details But then, the problem becomes obvious when you compare 12 megapixel DSLR that has 10 times bigger sensor comparablew to the one in the smartphone with 108 megapixel camera Confusing? Yes! The sensor size does matter so as the pixel size

    The bigger pixel size, the more light it will receive Which is important, especially in a low light condition Manufacturers are using various approaches and technologies to make pixels smaller and that's how we get cameras with such a high megapixel count More megapixels can be beneficial 1 if you want to zoom and save/crop only one portion of the image, without much loss of quality; 2

    And if you want to print, which requires high resolution photo, of course – the image must be properly focused and sharp enough For social networks, digital photo albums, megapixel count is not that much relevant, once we reached a certain point Sometimes, more megapixels means problem – Like too much noise in low light There are reasons why some smartphone manufacturers equip their flagships with 12 or 16 megapixel cameras, instead of going for 64 or 108mp They are trying to keep the pixel size bigger

    You know what's funny? Even those high megapixel count cameras have smaller automatic output – for example, Huawei's P40 50 megapixel main shooter, by default outputs 125 megapixels photos The final pieces of puzzle of smartphone camera capabilities are chips and software Computational photography and artificial intelligence are playing huge role in dealing with limitations of smartphone small format Lossless zoom or pixels digital stabilization, low light or night photography are some of the examples where these technologies are essential

    Google has lifted computational photography to the next level, thanks to it's software and so-called Nerual Core Chip Apple's latest A13 Bionic, in combination with recent iOS features accomplished the same in iPhones There are instances were phones with identical camera modules can end up with different photo results – Samsung Galaxy S 20 ultra with Snapdragon 865 makes better low-light photos then the same device with Samsung's Exynos Now, with all that out of the way, how to select a smart phone with good camera for you? Let's see what exactly you need You can be perfectly fine with one main wide angle camera lens, unless you want to shoot vistas, some architectural wonders, panoramic cityscapes, etc

    Well, in that case, you should look for a smartphone with ultra wide shooter For someone that likes a portrait photography, time of flight (TOF) camera will finish the job Telephoto lens in this case can become handy as well, even if beside periscopic lens, it's excellent if you want good zooms Lately, even macro photography lovers have some options available! It all depends what type of photos you want to make and what's your budget If you can afford it, you can always buy a phone with multi camera setup

    Just don't put much attention to numbers You will be more than fine with just, for example, 12 megapixel camera As far as chip goes, Huawei's Kirin, Apple's A series as well as Qualcomm's Snapdragon are more than capable chips, that combined with the camera hardware and software, should be able to deliver perfectly, especially in great lightning conditions Keep in mind thou, smartphones with Mediatek chips, in general seems like, they're not giving some top-of-the-line and impressive photo results If you consider using a smartphone and print, you should definitely look for smartphones with more camera capabilities, like huawei p40

    It has a powerful, slightly bigger sensor, 50 megapixel main shopoter, a powerful Penta camera setup – everything in line with Leica quality standards There are some other devices, that can help as well – Honor V 30 Pro, Samsung Galaxy S20, OnePlus 8 Pro or 7T, Xiaomi Me 9, iPhone 11 Pro Max, etc Now, for digital use only we have various contenders And almost every manufacturer is brining some devices that can finish the job What stands out here our lenses selections

    For example – Huawei, Samsung, Xiaomi come with variety of cameras But in terms of pure image quality or even better, night time performance, the number of capable models drops down significantly – like iPhone 11 and it's Pro couinterparts, even Google pixel models Samsung flagships, Xiaomi Me and some Redmi models including some Huawei smartphones, are completing the job as well What you want to make sure is that you buy a phone with optical image stabilization Which majority of phones already has

    Where does that leave the iPhone specifically in this case? While latest generation of iPhone cameras are one of the top in the world, although not the best, they are still like the most complete – as a package Especially in online applications, digital content and social network sharing iPhones do have the upper hand due to it's excellent image optimization and deliver the best overall results One of the reasons for that are developers of apps like Instagram, for example They don't have to deal with thousands of different smartphone models like in Android universe

    Apple does not have many supported iPhones in the pipeline, so it's easier for developers to make necessary adjustments for only few devices, and to make it perfect Finally, one more segment where Apple is still untouchable is video! And if you want to record a video on your phone without hesitation, you can go with Apple devices, even in lower end segment Like this year's iPhone SE, although you will miss some more creative shots due to the lack of lens varieties If you wonder – how come, for example, Huawei doesn't show better video shooting capabilities, the answer is straightforward – their partnership with Leica is strictly tied to photographs or still images So there you go! Anyway, I hope this video was useful

    How important are smartphone cameras for you and do you have any specific lens of preference? Please, answer in the comments below If you liked this video, make sure you hit the thumbs up and once again, don't forget to subscribe Thank you for watching Digital Markings channel Talk to you soon Have an excellent day

    Bye :)!

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